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Electrical Appliances

Household Electrical Appliances

Many domestic accidents are often originated from the household electrical appliances due to fire, electric shock and even explosion. Typically, domestic electrical appliances can be classified into two types including major appliances (called “White goods”) and small appliances (called “Brown goods”). Major appliance is usually defined as a large machine which accomplishes some household functions such as cooking, food preservation or cleaning etc. Small appliances are usually small household electrical entertainment appliances.

Electrical Appliances type


White goods

Refrigerator, Microwave oven, air conditioner, water heater, washing machine etc.

Brown goods

Televisions, CD and DVD players, HiFi, telephones, video game consoles, camcorder, still cameras etc.

Since most household accidents are related to white goods which residents use frequently in their daily life and the potential risks of white goods are much higher than that of brown goods, only white goods would be focused on. The risks of white goods accompanied with their related news and standards are introduced as below.


Air Conditioner

Air Conditioner

Washing Machine

Washing Machine

Microwave Oven

Microwave Oven


Types of Product Risk - Electrical Appliances


Electric Shock

It may due to the lack of electric shock protection layer or insulation property not conform to the safety requirement in the electric product.

Example: Refrigerator



It may due to the quality of the electric product and aging of the machine.

Example: Electric Water Heater



It may due to electric short circuit because the internal motor power cables of the electric machines may be damaged after prolonged usage.

Example: Washing Machine



It may due to high electromagnetic fields.

Example: Microwave Oven

Related Standard

  1. IEC60335-2-21: Safety requirements for storage water heaters
  2. Internal link : Risk management > Safety Standards > IEC60335-2-21

  3. EN50366: Electromagnetic fields evaluation and measurement

    Internal link : Risk management > Safety Standards > EN50366

  4. EN60335-2-24: Safety requirements for refrigerating appliances

    Internal link : Risk management > Safety Standards > EN60335-2-24

  5. EN60335-2-7: Safety requirements for washing machines

    Internal link : Risk management > Safety Standards > EN60335-2-7


Last updated on 7 APR 2010